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雅思口语考试-常见题型及答题技巧

雅思托福英语全球网 http://www.ieltstofelglobal.com/  2014-09-10 来源:www.ieltstofelglobal.com

  虽然雅思口语考试的具体题目时常更新(比如从考birds到现在的bicycles, sunshine),但有几类题型一直是考试的高频题型,比如 “liking”, “types”等考题。所以掌握好每一类题型的答法既能应对多变的考题,又能提高口语的学习效率,达到事半功倍的效果。具体来看,主要有这几类题目较常考。
  1. Likes/dislikes 类题型
  这类题目一直口语中的高频题型,比如近期考到的 “Do you like going outside on sunny days?”. 回答这类问题,首先要主要同义词的转换,既然考官用到了”like”,我们在回答的时候尽量用其他的表示喜欢类的词汇,例如 “be really into”, “be fairly keen on”, “find great pleasure in”. 用 “dislike”, “fed up with”, “ not interest in” 来代替 “not like”. 其次在回答此类喜好类问题的时候尽量加例子或原因来扩张自己的答案,如加原因 “…… is fun and it is a great way to relax and get rid of stress”,还可以通过举例子的方式来 “ I am keen on watching film , such as The King’s Speech, The silent lamb”.
  2. types/kinds 类题型
  在考试中,会经常遇到此类题目,例如 “what types of art/newspapers are popular in your country?” 大部分同学遇到此类题目时会做出这样的回答 “There are many kinds of ……, like …..”. 在回答此类问题时要首先掌握关于 “种类” 的几种说法 比如说 “ a wide/broad range of ”, “ a great variety of” 以及表达欢迎度的几种用法,除了常见的 “popular”, 还有 “common”, “prevalent”, “well-known”等多种表达方式。例如 “what kinds of music are popular in your country?” “ There are a wide range of music in my country, but the most common type is classical music. Besides, pop music is also prevalent among youngsters.”
  3. WH- HOW 类题型
  “WH-How”类题型也是考试常考到的题目,例如 “what do you like to do in your leisure time?” 很多同学在回答此类问题只是简单的一句话如 “watch films/TV”. 针对这类题型有种比较简单的回答方式即:1. 分不同的情况进行讨论, 即 “it depends, if …… I’ll……., on the other hand……….”。例如 : “Where do you often buy clothes? “ “Well, to tell you the truth, I think it really depends, if I have enough money, I will buy trendy clothes at shopping center, and on the other hand, I would probably buy clothes at boutiques. 2. Sometimes的回答方式。 “Where do you like to listen to music?” “Sometimes, I go to concerts with my friends, other times, I listen to music at home by myself to relax.
  4. Importance 的类型
  口语考试第一部分很多考题都涉及到了这个题目,例如 “ Do you think it is important to have enough sleep / plant trees/ focus on things/ be patient..? ” 在回答此类问题的时候,首先要注意语法,很多同学给出这样的答案,”do sports is good for our health”, 显然主语应该是 “doing sport is….”, 所以在回答此类问题时首先要注意主语应该是 ing 形式的,因为语法错误会影响口语的分数。其次说到意义的时候可以用到比较常用的几个句型,”……. Is good for ……… (having a balanced diet is good for our health)”, “………. Bring benefits to………. (reading can bring benefits to your future)”, “…….can make you …… (taking a nap make me more energetic)”, “……….. can make a difference ( planting trees can make a difference).
  同学们可以在课余时间多熟悉题库里的题目,把题目分为不同的类型,通过准备固定的句型,提高自己的口语流利度。再配合准备具体题目的语料,就能早日取得较为理想的分数。

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